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Nigeria’s underemployment: a worrisome menace worse than unemployment

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Nigeria’s underemployment: a worrisome menace worse than unemployment

The alarming proportional increase of underemployment in Nigeria is incredibly vicious and devastating. How do we explain the perennial state of employment without any gainful remuneration? Then, we cannot but affirm that it is as good as not being employed at all.

My heart bleeds so profusely recently when I read that four PhD holders and two hundred master holders were part of those who jostled for the 774, 000 unskilled jobs introduced by the Federal Government of Nigeria, with such an exiguous stipend of #20,000. Oh, mine! This is sad and appalling.

More often than not, we are most times beclouded or carried away with the rate of unemployment in Nigeria. However, we have not realised that underemployment is much more killing and frustrating than unemployment itself. How do you explain such a scenario of a PhD holder jostling for a 20,000 Naira job tagged “unskilled”? Can a PhD or master holder indeed be referred to as unskilled? A PhD is the highest academic qualification anywhere in the world. This is, in my view, is absolutely undignifying and an insult to our educational institutions. I do wonder as I often ask: “who has cursed this country like this?

In this same country, there are school drop-outs and “half certificated” graduates who navigate their way to the top. Some of them are councillors, chairmen of local governments, lawmakers, governors and so on. Many of these people have some political thugs on their payroll and of government receiving over 400 thousand Naira and above, while university graduates, including postgraduate degree holders, are being offered ridiculous job opportunities in their own country to receive pittance that is less than 100 dollars at end of the month.

Quite honestly, I am not really sure if Nigeria government in its good conscience is ready to tackle the spate of crimes and insecurity in the country if the menace of underemployment and unemployment remain unaddressed.

An idle mind, they say, is a devil’s workshop. If many young able-minds with huge potentials are being denied of access to good job opportunities and enabling environment to establish self, how would the country achieve success in its anti crimes cum corruption crusades?

I make bold to say, here, that most of the people in government across all levels are rather playing into the gallery to the detriment of the Nigerian youths who remained poor. The promise of genuine job offers is more of a mirage persistently. This is sad, to say the least. It is indeed very sad!

Kunle Alaye is a university don and broadcast journalist. He writes from Abeokuta, Nigeria.

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Anambra Guber: Non-Participation is Participation

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Anambra Gubernatorial Election: Non-participation is Participation

By: Usman Solomon Ayegba

ANAMBRA GOVERNORSHIP ELECTION AND IPOB THREAT OF BOYCOTT: NON-PARTICIPATION IS PARTICIPATION

After a hiatus from writing on IPOB activities in Southeastern Nigeria because of personal conviction that I have done enough what I feel I should do no matter how inconsequential it might be, I feel obliged again to pen down this piece to draw attention of those who have sworn on the graves of their forebears that the oncoming November 6, 2021 governorship election would not hold in Anambra State except the detained IPOB leader, Mazi Nnamdi Kanu is released, to have a rethink. In itself, this is a condition I am very sure Nigerian government of today is not averse to honour even if heaven falls. It will be a miracle of this century if the Federal Government of Nigeria of today is quivered to give in to the threat of IPOB of releasing Mr. Kanu as assurance of holding governorship election in that state. There are two obvious reasons why I believe the Nigerian Federal Government will not do that.

One, in the eyes of the Federal Government Mr. Kanu is the shepherd of the IPOB sheep and as long as the shepherd is in it’s custodial facility, the sheep will be scattered and left without direction. This obviously is in Nigeria’s best national interest. And the Nigerian government is aware of what absence of Mr Kanu is doing in the camp of IPOB. Already, there is lack of cohesion within the ranks of IPOB as there have been reported cases of leadership tussle in recent time. TheNigerian government knows too well that Mr. Kanu holds the key to the vault of IPOB agitation and holding him incommunicado will deny IPOB the requisite leadership to move and act with guts and speed. For that, IPOB should know that Kanu will be the guest of Nigerian state for a while. The fact that Kanu had a record of jumping bail that cost the Federal government so much resources only to be re-arrested in June this year, foreclosed any chance of giving him any benefit of the doubt regarding bail. For authorities in Abuja, it is a case of ‘once bitten, twice shy’.

Two, yes, the Federal Government knows that holding the governorship election will be an accomplishment for Nigerian democracy but much more, it will serve greater interest of Anambrarians. If the election fails to hold due to threat of IPOB, be rest assured that the President will not hesitate to exercise the power that the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria grants him, the power to declare STATE OF EMERGENCY and INSTALL WHOEVER HE DEEMS FIT to administer that state (I wish we avoid taking that path). Already, that idea was already muted by the Attorney General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Mr Abubakar Malami some few days ago. The Constitution clearly states in 305(1) that, “Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the President may by instrument published in the Official Gazette of the Government of the Federation issue a Proclamation of a state of emergency in the Federation or any part thereof. It went further to say in 305(2) that, “The President shall immediately after the publication, transmit copies of the Official Gazette of the Government of the Federation containing the proclamation including the details of the emergency to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, each of whom shall forthwith convene or arrange for a meeting of the House of which he is President or Speaker, as the case may be, to consider the situation and decide whether or not to pass a resolution approving the Proclamation. In 305(3) says “The President shall have power to issue a Proclamation of a state of emergency only when: (a) the Federation is at war; (b) the Federation is in imminent danger of invasion or involvement in a state of war; (c) there is actual breakdown of public order and public safety in the Federation or any part thereof to such extent as to require extraordinary measures to restore peace and security; (d) there is a clear and present danger of an actual breakdown of public order and public safety in the Federation or any part thereof requiring extraordinary measures to avert such danger; (e) there is an occurrence or imminent danger, or the occurrence of any disaster or natural calamity, affecting the community or a section of the community in the Federation; (f) there is any other public danger which clearly constitutes a threat to the existence of the Federation; or (g) the President receives a request to do so in accordance with the provisions of subsection (4) of this section. The said Subsection (4) states that “The Governor of a state may, with the sanction of a resolution supported by two-thirds majority of the House of Assembly, request the President to issue a Proclamation of a state of emergency in the state when there is in existence within the state any of the situations specified in subsection (3) (c), (d) and (e) of this section and such situation does not extend beyond the boundaries of the state.

The implication of declaring such emergency rule will be that, the National Assembly members (whether they be from Gombe, Ondo or Edo States) become the lawmakers for the people of Anambra State for the period of emergency. Therefore, whichever way, holding election in Anambra where Anambra people will decide who will be their governor will
serve greater interest of the people than having emergency rule declared.

Let me also quickly cite two popular incidents of abstaining from election and implications both scenarios had on the absenting authority or people. The first example was Soviet Union (or Russia) over the Korean Peninsula imbroglio. In June 1950, the Soviets, rather than vetoing the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolution against it’s ally, North Korea, over the invasion of South Korea by Pyongyang, boycotted the Security Council meetings in protest of the seating of Taiwan as the permanent representative of the Chinese instead of mainland China. The resolution of the UNSC against North Korea stood, as the action of the Soviet Union was deemed to be a tactical approval of it (even though that was not the intention of Russia). Since then, permanent members of UNSC have learnt a lesson never to miss or obtain from Security Council meetings as protests (Salaam & Usman, 2019, p. 651).

Secondly, in Nigeria, during the 1964 Federal Election keenly contested by two alliance political parties – the Nigerian National Alliance (NNA) and the United Progressive Grand Alliance (UPGA) – the UPGA decided to boycott the election on the day of the poll on December 30, 1964, as a protest against the alleged arrest, molestation, imprisonment and harassment of it’s members especially in the North. While the order to boycott election was fully heeded to in Eastern Nigeria, it was partially observed in Western Nigeria. Despite the boycott by UPGA, the Federal Electoral Commission (FEDECO) went on to conduct election. The NNA took advantage of the boycott and mobilized its members to take active part. In the end, Mr Eyo Esua, FEDECO Chairman, declared candidates of NNA winners to the surprise of UPGA. After the declaration of the results, the Premier of Eastern Region, Dr Michael Okpara, called President Nnamdi Azikiwe to summon a conference of all political leaders to ” break up the Federation (of Nigeria) peacefully”. Zik made a terse statement in that regard. Sir Ahmadu Bello quickly responded to Zik’s statement saying, “The Nigerian Constitution has no provision for secession or disintegration”. For three days, President Azikiwe refused to appoint Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa as the Prime Minister and Balewa refused to cancel the election and its results. After days of horse-trading, Dr Azikiwe invited Balewa to form a ‘broad-based national government’. The NNA government only gave some slots to NCNC members in the UPGA coalition (for full details, read Najeem Folasayo Salaam and Usman Solomon Ayegba, 2019, Rudiments of Government and Politics, Lagos, Concept Publications Limited, pp. 317 – 319).

Ndigbo, Ndi Anambra, of course, self-determination has become the internationally accepted norm and as Jeffrey Sachs said, this is certainly the era of self-determination. However, this self-determination for Biafra can be approached using other strategies acceptable by both local and international laws. Two examples cited above should be compelling enough to convince whoever is in doubt that non-participation in the political process is another form of acceptable participation. In both cases, the protest turned out to be the undoing of the protesters. The Soviet Union regretted, the UPGA regretted but America and NNA turned out victorious. The lesson here is that you cannot complain of unfairness in the process you willfully refuse to present yourself to participate. Let us be calming down. Peace is not the absence of war and war is not the absence of peace.

Our people say, let us first chase the fox away before we can begin to caution the fowl that strays into the bush. Let IPOB use the Anambra Governorship Election to mobilize supporters for a party and candidates it believes can experiment its anticipated governance model for Biafra. We are all crying because of poor governance. If Nigeria has been governed well over the years, nobody will be clamouring for secession. If IPOB can achieve good governance model for Anambra and by extension, the entire south east, who says it can not win the entire Nigeria over. We all have eyes, mouths and ears. If we all see that party XZY and candidates ABC supported by IPOB within the confine of law perform creditably well in Anambra and Southeast, be rest assured, North East, North West, North Central, South South, South West and even Africa, will hastily embrace such ‘Biafra’ model. Irrespective of our differences, one area we have all reached a consensus is that, good governance is desirable by and for all. The ethno-religious and regional politics that is been bandied around is a deliberate weapon by the ruling/governing elites to cause disaffection among the commoners. Otherwise, why do people put aside their religion, ethnic origin and regional affiliation when they seek for a better life in the Middle East, Europe and America?

Ndi Anambra, Ndi Igbo, let this sink, please. I come on peace.

©Usman Solomon Ayegba, A lecturer in  the Department of Political Science, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Tuesday, October 26, 2021.

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News

Gbajabiamila’s Security Aide ‘Shoots’ Newspaper Vendor

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One of the security aides of Speaker of the House of Representatives, Femi Gbajabiamila, was said to have shot a newspapers vendor, Ifeanyi Chukwu, in Abuja on Thursday.

It was learnt that the incident happened around 3pm at the Federal Secretariat, Abuja.

Chukwu, who was shot in the head, was rushed to the National Hospital, Abuja, was said to have given up the ghost.

The chairman of the Abuja chapter of the Newspaper Distributors Association of Nigeria, Benjamin Obute, narrated the incident to Daily Trust thus: “What happened was that, at the Federal Secretariat where our vendors sell their papers, you know that place is the heart of Abuja, especially the rep members and senators, that is their route, and traffic lights used to stop them for about two minutes.

“So, while they were hailing them, they used to pack some money and give them. It has been the tradition for years now. Gbajabiamila knows this late Ifeanyi Chukwu one on one.

“While he (the speaker) was waiting for the traffic light to turn green, he handed over N9,000 to his aide in the front seat and handed over the money to them before one of the security details shot him (Chukwu) in the head and shot into the air.

“The speaker stopped and asked what happened, but the police told him nothing and they moved on. The DPO at the Federal Secretariat was one of the persons that arranged how we took late Ifeanyi to the National Hospital where he was confirmed dead.”

Obute said his members would protest today and march to the Force Headquarters to demand justice for their late colleague.

A doctor at the hospital said: “A vendor was shot in the head by a security operative this afternoon. He died after all resuscitative measures at the National Hospital failed.”

When contacted for a reaction, the Special Adviser to the Speaker on Media and Publicity, Lanre Lasisi, promised to get back to Daily Trust, but did not do so as of the time of filing this report (12.50pm).

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Reactions to Osun Monarch, Oluwo’s Comment On ENDSARS Protest

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Nigerians on social media have reacted as a paramount monarch in Osun State, Oluwo of Iwo, Oba Abdulrasheed Akanbi, who said that he’s ready to lead the next EndSARS protest if called upon by the youths.

Oluwo disclosed this during an interactive programme organised by Osun State Government.

He said that any protest without a leader will fail.

He said that it is the leaders that will sit down to discuss with the government when the protest reaches the point of dialogue.

“Next time, if you want to organise a protest and you don’t have anyone to lead you, you may be afraid that they may kill you or you are afraid of being arrested, come to me, I will lead the protest.

“There is no way you can organise protest without leadership. You must give room for dialogue because it is the leadership that will eventually sit down and discuss with the government. That is the only way you can fight and get your demands to the government,” he said.

His comment has however generated to a lot of reactions as many Nigerians took to their social media handles to react.

See reactions below:

 

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Opinions

Nigerian Politicians- Who is deceiving who?

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Who is deceiving who?

Naija na cruise” I’ve heard my mates say it over and over again. At first it was Education is a scam, school na scam, now the country itself with the leaders we voted in, Democracy!

After the Lekki Massacre, the report was there was no death, after that 2 people were proclaimed dead, such inconsistency, Sanwo-Olu has been a bad boy, and this is after we watched a live stream of the event, heard the shootings. The massacre is a nightmare that many haven’t woken up from, a gory sight.

Who is deceiving who?

Hours after places had been looted, following the night of the Lekki massacre, our honorable president, Muhammad Buhari, decided to address the country, this is after 13 days after the protest, way after the protest had been hijacked and many lived had been lost, footage here and there of hoodlums killing and burning police officers, in retaliation to what the Police officers had done to them.

 SARS ARE MURDERERS AND ANYBODY THAT SUPPORTS THEM ARE ACCOMPLICES

I’ve heard people say, better be under slavery than be in a country like Nigeria. Isn’t that valid tho? We have a president that isn’t active, live broadcast y’all call it, but that thing was recorded. Blood has been shed and blood cries, but of course our leaders are silent because they think they are unaffected.

Our president couldn’t even address the killings, politicians and godfathers turned it to a game of hide-and-go-seek. Who gave the order? They gingerly commanded that people be killed, now all of a sudden, they had amnesia forgetting who gave the command, they started the game of “burning, never have I ever”. 

Tinubu calls himself the Asiwaju of Lagos, Fashola just had to join this charade, i shake my head, respect for that man has gone downhill, discovering a camera, after severe cleanups had been done?

Bodies have been found floating on the lagoon, close to the shanty, everybody wan jand, Togo is not a bad fit, I laugh as many people have used mouth to cross the Atlantic, our president is saying unrealistic goals, 10 years plan, Sir, you won’t even be in office till then.

Nigeria my country, I weep.

Nigeria my country, who is deceiving who?

Now the army claims to have gotten the order from Lagos state government, after vehemently denying that they were on the site of the shootout. You think Nigerians are gullible, but there is proof.

Smile now, and be happy, your house is on fire O politicians and god fathers of the nation. Its only a while, before your cloth starts burning and you get affected, smile now, when you have the opportunity.

Nigeria will only get better with the hardwork of the youths

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Hoodlums loot Obafemi Awolowo’s glasses

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In Lagos state, hoodlums on rampage have allegedly defaced the statue of late Obafemi Awolowo located in Ikeja area of the state.

The hoodlums removed the glasses on the icon’s statue amid the attack on some of Nigeria’s symbols of history.

The monument of Nnamdi Azikwe had also been attacked by hoodlums in Anambra state.

The Awolowo statue was erected during the administration of former Lagos governor Akinwumi Ambode, in recognition of the late former lawyer, nationalist’s contribution to the country’s democracy.

 

 

This might come as a comic relief in times like this and we can only hope Nigeria gets better.

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Minister of Works and Housing, Babatunde Raji Fashola discovers hidden Camera at protest site, People’s response

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On Sunday, 26th of October 2020 after the massacre at the Lekki toll gate, Minister of Works and housing, Babatunde Raji Fashola discovered an hidden camera at the Lekki toll gate, Lagos.

In reaction to the discovery of a “hidden” camera by the Minister of Works and Housing, Fashola at the Lekki tollgate during an inspection tour on Sunday, Nigerians have taken to Twitter to air their opinions.

Reactions trailing the discovery range from anger to comical and sarcastic, with some Twitter users going on to give the minister a new nickname, ‘Forensic Fash’.

But reacting to the news, a handle, @elcroxificio tweeted:

“I had second hand embarrassment for Babatunde Raji Fashola last night. APC turned my favorite person in the entire party to a moron in the name of pulling Sherlock Holmes.
I mean, that toll gate was cleaned by Lawma, and even Arise TV has a clip where ‘iron condemn’ cleared up.

“How in God’s thunderous name did you all find a camera that expensive lying around???

Christ! I honestly type in shame! And look forward to the laughable clip the party is going to release in the coming days.”

Also tweeting with @nedunaija, a tweet reads, “The Nigerian state is totally ridiculous in its modus operandi.

”Fashola finished making a comment that resonated with me, and then stepped out to go discover hidden camera at the scene of major crime.

”The confidence these people have in our presumed stupidity baffles me.”

Hip Hop artist, Iceprince Zamani also expressed disappointment in what many have described as a stunt by the Minister.

“Somebody pls tell me the Minister, Fashola and his guys running into a random camcorder at Lekki toll gate yesterday was a joke !!! Pls I’m begging anyone… Just say it’s a joke, That lawma just cleaned the whole place up and Jide already did a tour!?”

 

See Photos below:

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